Log Description

Family Leguminosae (Fabaceae)
Botanical Names Andira coriacea Pulle.
Continent Latin America
CITES (Washington convention of 2017)
No trade Restrictions
Diameter 60 to 90 cm
Thickness of Sapwood 3 – 5 cm
Buoyancy Does not float
Log Conservation Good

Wood Description

Reference colour Sapwood Texture Grain Interlocked grain Notes
Red brown Clearly demarcated Coarse Straight or Interlocked slight Pink brown to red brown. Bands of light-coloured parenchyma tissue gives this wood a distinctive figure. Presence of internal stresses and wind shakes (internal fractures in the wood).

Flat Sawn

Quarter Sawn

Physical and Mechanical properties

Property Mean Value
Density* 0.86
Monnin hardness* 8.8
Coefficient of volumetric shrinkage 0.65% per %
Total tangential shrinkage (Ts) 7.3%
Total Radial shrinkage (Rs) 4.6%
T/R anisotropy ratio 1.6
Fibre Saturation point 23%
Thermal conductivity 0.28 W/(m.K.)
Lower heating value 19,180 kJ/kg
Crushing strength* 72 MPa
Static bending strength* 128 MPa
Longitudinal modulus elasticity* 20,170 MPa
* At 12% moisture content, with 1Mpa = 1N/mm2

Natural durability & Treatability

Resistance to decay Class 2 – Durable
Resistance to dry wood borers Class D – Durable (Sapwood demarcated, risk limited sapwood)
Resistance to termites Class D – Durable
Treatability Class 3 - Poorly permeable
Use class covered by natural durability Class 4 - in ground or freshwater contact


The species Andira coracea is very resistant to decay (class 1); it naturally covers the use class 5 (wood permanently or regularly submerged in salt water, sea water or brackish water). According to the European standard NF EN 335 of May 2013, performance length might be modified by conditions in which it is used.

Preservation Treatment

Against dry wood borer attacks. This wood does not require appropriate preservative treatment.
In case of temporary humidification This wood does not require any preservation treatment
In case of permanent humidification This wood does not require any preservation treatment

Sawing and Machining

Blunting effect Fairly high
Tooth for sawing Stellite tipped
Machining tools Tungsten carbide
Suitability for peeling Bad
Suitability for slicing good
Notes It is difficult to obtain a smooth surface in planning because of the alternate bands of hard and soft wood. Splinters may cause infection.


Drying rate rapid to normal
Risk of distortion Slight risk
Risk of case hardening No known specific risk
Risk of checking Slight risk
Risk of collapse No known specific risk
Suggested drying schedule Schedule # 6


Nailing/ Screwing Good but pre – boring necessary.
Notes Tends to split with nailing. High specific gravity: important that gluing be performed in compliance with the code of practice and instructions for the flue used.

Cross sections of Andira coriacea

Commercial Grading

Sawn timber appearance grading

According to NHLA grading rules (2015) Possible grading: FAS, Select, Common 1, Common 2, Common 3 In French Guiana, the local name of this species is "Saint Martin Rouge". Grading is done according to local rules "Bois guyanais classes (1990)". Possible grading: Choice 1, choice 2, choice 3, choice 4

Fire Safety

Conventional French grading Thickness > 14 mm: M3 (moderately inflammable)
Thickness < 14 mm: M4 (easily inflammable)
Euroclass grading D-s2, d0
Default grading for solid wood that meets requirements of European standard NF EN 14081-1 (April 2016): structural graded timber in vertical uses and ceilings with minimal mean density of 0.35 and minimal thickness of 22 mm.

Main End uses

  • Cabinet work (high class furniture)
  • Interior Joinery
  • Sliced veneer
  • Bridges (Parts not in contact with water or ground)
  • Turned goods
  • Exterior joinery
  • Exterior panelling
  • Current furniture or furniture components
  • Heavy carpentry
  • Industrial or heavy flooring
  • Vehicle or container flooring