Log Description

Family Lauraceae
Botanical Names Chlorocardium rodei.
Continent Latin America
CITES (Washington convention of 2017)
No trade Restrictions
Diameter 80 to 100 cm
Thickness of Sapwood 3 – 6 cm
Buoyancy Does not float
Log Conservation Good

Wood Description

Reference colour Sapwood Texture Grain Interlocked grain Notes
Yellow brown Slightly demarcated Fine Straight Absent Sapwood yellow brown to dark olive, with sometimes irregular darker veins.

Flat Sawn

Quarter Sawn

Physical and Mechanical properties

Property Mean Value
Density* 0.97
Monnin hardness* 19.8
Coefficient of volumetric shrinkage 0.36 % per %
Total tangential shrinkage (Ts) 8.2 %
Total Radial shrinkage (Rs) 7.5 %
T/R anisotropy ratio 1.1
Fibre Saturation point 40 %
Thermal conductivity 0.31 W/(m.K.)
Lower heating value 20,420 kJ/kg
Crushing strength* 98 MPa
Static bending strength* 217 MPa
Longitudinal modulus elasticity* 30,400 MPa
* At 12% moisture content, with 1Mpa = 1N/mm2

Natural durability & Treatability

Resistance to decay Class 1 – Very durable
Resistance to dry wood borers Class D – durable (sapwood demarcated, risk limited sapwood)
Resistance to termites Class D – Durable
Treatability Class 4 – non-treatable
Use class covered by natural durability Class 4 - in ground or freshwater contact


This species is listed in the NF EN 350 standard. This species naturally covers the use class 5 ( wood permanently or regularly submerged in salt water, sea water or brackish water) due to its high specific gravity and its hardness. According to the European standard NF EN 335 of May 2013, performance length might be modified by conditions in which it is used .

Preservation Treatment

Against dry wood borer attacks. This wood does not require any preservation treatment.
In case of temporary humidification This wood does not require any preservation treatment.
In case of permanent humidification This wood does not require any preservation treatment.

Sawing and Machining

Blunting effect Fairly high
Tooth for sawing Stellite tipped
Machining tools Tungsten carbide
Suitability for peeling Not recommended or without interest
Suitability for slicing Not recommended or without interest


Drying rate Slow
Risk of distortion Slight risk
Risk of case hardening No known specific risk
Risk of checking Slight risk
Risk of collapse No known specific risk
Suggested drying schedule Schedule # 7


Nailing/ Screwing Good but pre – boring necessary.
Notes Very high specific gravity: important that gluing be performed in compliance with the code of practice and instructions for the glue used.

Cross sections of Buchenavia fanshawei

Commercial Grading

Sawn timber appearance grading

According to NHLA grading rules (2015) Possible grading: FAS, Select, Common 1, Common 2, Common 3

Fire Safety

Conventional French grading Thickness > 14 mm: M3 (moderately inflammable)
Thickness < 14 mm: M4 (easily inflammable)
Euroclass grading D-s2, d0
Default grading for solid wood that meets requirements of European standard NF EN 14081-1 (April 2016): structural graded timber in vertical uses and ceilings with minimal mean density of 0.35 and minimal thickness of 22 mm.

Visual structure grading

According to European standard EN 1912 (2012) and associated national standards, strengths classes D50 and D70 can be provided by visual grading.

Main End uses

  • Turned goods
  • Heavy carpentary
  • Ship building (planking and deck)
  • Tool handles( resilient woods)
  • Industrial or heavy flooring
  • Decking
  • Bridges (parts in contact with water or ground )
  • Poles
  • Cooperage
  • Hydraulic works ( fresh water )
  • Sleepers


Though infrequently used in France, Greenheart is one of the most suitable species for end used submerged in salt water, sea water or brackish water. Species is resistant to acids. Greenheart is also used for billiard cues